Global warming caused a reptile boom

According to a study, global warming caused a reptile boom millions of years ago.

Global warming caused a reptile boom 1

Researchers have discovered that the evolution of reptiles started far earlier than previously thought.

As by a study, global warming caused a reptile boom millions of years ago was happen. Two of the largest mass extinctions of life on Earth happened around the conclusion of the Permian geologic epoch. 86% of all animal species were wiped off as a result of the extinction, which took place 252 million years ago. The episode also marked the start of a time when terrestrial reptile populations greatly rose. The extinction of their competitors had previously been attributed by experts to the evolution of reptiles and the growth in their population.

A recent study contends that rather than a cataclysmic extinction, global warming is to blame for the rise in reptile diversity and population. Researchers from the Museum of Comparative Zoology and the Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology at Harvard University discovered that reptile evolution started far earlier than previously thought.

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Tiago R. Simoes, a postdoctoral researcher, claims that “Reptiles were changing more fast than ever before—almost universally. Some groups underwent rapid transition, while others did not.

The researchers studied the early amniotes, which are the closest living relatives of all extinct mammals as well as birds and reptiles. They were able to create a dataset by gathering over 1,000 fossil samples from 125 species of synapsid reptiles and their near relatives across a time period of about 140 million years before the Permian-Triassic mass extinction. After that, they looked over the data to try to ascertain the origin and rate of evolution of these species.

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The newly discover data was then compare to information on the earth’s temperature.

According to studies, the majority of reptiles underwent substantial morphological change as they adjusted to abrupt climate changes and global warming.

Changing climatic conditions:

The team also noted changes in the reptiles’ body sizes throughout this period. They discovered that due to the extraordinarily strong climatic strain on reptiles’ bodies during the hot season, there was a limit body size for those species that could survive in tropical climates.

Source: Gadgets360


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